Is there such a thing as a Gothic pigeon? There are a lot of different breeds of pigeond, however the most Medieval-looking member of the Columbidae family was never shaped by human selection. The Luzon bleeding heart pigeon (Gallicolumba luzonica) is a delicate shy bird which lives in tropical forests of Luzon, the largest island of the Philippines. The birds eat berries and grubs of the forest floor, which they almost never leave except when they are nesting. They are a mixture of barred gray above and cream color below, except for their distinguishing feature, which sets them apart from all other birds.
Bleeding heart pigeons have a group of scarlet feathers at the center of their breast which make it look as though they have a terrible bleeding hole in their chest. In female birds this feature is somewhat subdued, however in males it glows incarnadine like a lurid painting of a Christian martyr. Male birds even appear to have droplets of blood running down from the terrible heart wound.
The first time I encountered this bird was not in a book (or on a random blog written by some weirdo), but in the Bronx zoo. I saw a glimpse of a male bird at the back of an aviary and I got all afraid that he had been horribly hurt. Only when I saw the picture on the exhibit were my fears assuaged. All of this leads up to the question of why these animals look like they have been shot through the heart. There are lots of folklore explanations (of the dogwood religious just-so story variety), but the real answer is that nobody knows. It is a shockingly metal look for such an unassuming and modest bird.
Sadly the bleeding heart pigeon is growing scarce as its forest home is cut down and made into plywood. Additionally, people capture and sell the birds into the pet and aviary trade. Like the planet Jupiter, it is valued for its lovely and unnerving red spot. With its mild nature, endangered status, and religious martyr good looks, perhaps the bleeding heart dove is a perfect mascot of the terrible plight of animals in our over-burdened Anthropocene world.